Part of the purpose of this site is not only to journal my experience as a Selectwoman and encourage others to run for office, but to help teach others as I teach myself. As I embark on this new journey I am learning a lot of new terms. Perhaps you’ll find this useful as well!
Abatement (in the tax sense) – A reduction of or exemption from taxes granted by a government for a specified period, usually to encourage certain activities such as investment in capital equipment, or, in the case I saw it, to help ease the burden for someone who is struggling greatly and cannot afford their tax payments. Abatements must be applied for.
By-Election – also spelled bye-elections (known as special elections in the United States, and bypolls in India), are used to fill elected offices that have become vacant between general elections
Caucus — An informal meeting of a group of the members; most commonly based on political party affiliation, but may have other bases, such as gender, race, geographic location or specific issue.
Constituent — A citizen residing within the district of a legislator.
Executive Session — A session excluding from the chamber or committee room all persons other than members and essential staff personnel.
General Election – an election in which all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation’s primary legislative body, as distinguished from by–elections and local elections.
House of Representatives –
Local Elections – these take place to select office-holders in local government, such as mayors and councilors. Elections to positions within a city or town are often known as “municipal elections”.
Ordinance – a piece of legislation enacted by a municipal authority.
Primary Election – an election used either to narrow the field of candidates for a given elective office or to determine the nominees for political parties in advance of a general election.
Selectman – a member of the local government board of a New England town.
Warrant – In New England, a warrant is a document issued by the Board of Selectmen to call a town meeting. Warrants are essentially a list of agenda items to be voted on by those citizens who attend the town meeting.